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Sanskrit Stories (set 2)

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मण्डूकमन्दविषसर्प कथा -- The Frog And The Snake Named Mandavisa

      अपमानं पुरस्कृत्य मानं कृत्वा तु पृष्ठतः ।
      स्वार्थमभ्युद्धरेत्प्राज्ञः स्वार्थभ्रंशो हि मूर्खता ॥
      स्कन्धेनापि वहेच्छत्रुं कालमासाद्य बुद्धिमान् ।
      वहता कृष्णसर्पेण मण्डूका विनिपातिताः ॥



अस्ति वरुणाद्रिसमीपे एकस्मिन् प्रदेशे परणितवया मन्दविषो नाम कृष्णसर्पः । स एवं चित्ते सञ्जिन्तितवान् -- "कथं नाम मया सुखोपायवृत्त्या वर्तितवयम्" इति । ततो बहुमण्डूकं हृदमुपगम्याधृतिपरीतमिवात्मानं दर्शितवान । अथ तथास्थिते तस्मिन्नुदकप्रान्तगतेनैकेन मण्डूकेन पृष्टः -- "माम ! किमद्य यथापूर्वमाहारार्थं न विहरसि ?"

सोऽब्रवीत् -- "भद्र ! कुतो मे मन्दभाग्यस्याहाराभिलाषः ! यत्कारणम् -- अद्य रात्रौ प्रदोषे एव मयाहारार्थं विहरमाणेन दृष्ट एको मण्डूकः । तद् ग्रहणार्थं मया क्रमः सञ्चितः । सोऽपि मां दृष्ट्वा मृत्युभयेन स्वाध्यायप्रसक्तानां ब्राह्मणानामन्तरपक्रान्तो न विभावितो मया क्वापि गतः । तत्सदृशमोहितचित्तेन मया कस्यचिद् ब्राह्मणसूनोर्हृदतटजलान्तःस्थोऽङ्गुष्ठो दष्टः । ततोऽसौ सपदि पञ्चत्वमुपागतः ।



अथ तस्य पित्रा दुःखितेनाहं शप्तो यथा -- "दुरात्मन् ! त्वया निरपराधो मत्सुतो दष्टः । तदनेन दोषेण त्वं मण्डूकानां वाहनं भविष्यसि । तत्प्रसादलब्धजीविकया च वर्त्तिष्यसे" इति । ततोऽहं युष्माकं वाहनार्थमागतोऽस्मि ।



तेन स सर्वमण्डूक नामिदमावेदितम् । ततस्तैः प्रहृष्टमनोभिः सर्वैरेव गत्वा जलपादनाम्नो दर्दुरराजस्य विज्ञप्तम् । अथासावपि मन्त्रिपरिवृतोऽत्यद्भुतमिदमिति मन्यमानः ससम्भ्रमं हृदादुत्तीर्य मन्दविषस्य फणिनः फणप्रदेशमधिरूढः । शेषा अपि यथा ज्येष्ठं ततेपृष्ठोपरि समारूरूहुः । किं बहुना, तदुपरि स्थानमप्राप्तवन्तस्तस्यानुपदं धावन्ति ।



मन्दविषोऽपि तेषां तुष्टयर्थमनेकप्रकारानं गतिविशेषानदर्शयत् । अथ जलपादो लब्धतदसङ्गसंस्पर्शंसुखस्तमाह --

      "न तथा करिणा यानं तुरगेण रथेन वा ।
      नरयानेन नावा वा यथा मन्दविषेण मे ॥"

अथाऽन्येद्यर्मन्दविषश्छद्मना मन्दं-मन्दं विसर्पति । तञ्च दृष्ट्वा, जलपादोब्रवीत् -- "भद्र मन्दविष ! यथापूर्व किमद्य साधु नोह्यते ?" । मन्दविषोऽब्रवीत् -- "देव ! अद्याहारवैकयान्न मे वोढुं शक्तिरस्ति ।" अथासाब्रवीत् -- " भद्र ! भक्ष्य क्षुद्रमषडुकान् । तच्छ्रुत्वा प्रहर्षितलर्वगात्रो मन्दविषः ससम्भ्रमभ्रवीत् -- " ममायमेव विप्रशापोऽस्ति । तत्तवानेनानुज्ञावचनेन प्रीतोऽस्मि ।"



ततोऽसौ नैरन्तर्येण मण्डूकान् भक्षयन् कतिपयैरहोभिर्बलवान् संवृत्तः । प्रहृष्टश्चानतर्लीनमवहस्येदमब्रवीत् --

      "मण्डूका विविधास्वादाश्छलपूर्वोपसाधिताः ।
      क्यन्तं कालभक्षीणा भवेयुः खादतो मम् ॥"


--


      By compromising self respect and boldly facing dishonour
      one can fulfil many a mission. Man's stupidity lies in
      protecting self-respect and fearing dishonour to an extreme
      and thereby damaging himself. If the situation demands,
      then one can even carry one's enemy on the back. By
      carrying his enemies on his back at the right time, the
      snake killed all the frogs.



In the region of the Varunaadri mountain lived an old snake by the name of Mandvish. One day he was wondering if there could be a way so that he can live life without making much effort. He reached upon an idea and then went to a lake full of frogs and moved about hither and thither restlessly. Watching him thus, a frog sitting near the lake asked-- "Uncle! You are not busy looking for food as you have been in the past?"



The snake replied,"Dear, unfortunate that I am, where is the will to eat? During the thirteenth of the fortnight, I started out in search of food. Looking for food I finally found a frog. I was planning to catch him but he saw me. He was scared for his life and ran away into a group of brahmins who were busy in their study. I did not see the frog again. He went away elsewhere. I did not realize that he had gone and in the confusion I bit into the thumb of the son of a brahmin. The boy had entered the water at the shore for a bath. Due to my bite, he did instantaneously.



Hence, the grieving father of the boy cursed me, "Wicked ! you killed my son without any reason. For this act of yours I curse you that you will carry frogs on your body and that will be your livelihood from now." Accordingly, I have come to be a vehicle for you people.



The frog heard the narration of the snake and told other frogs about it. The frogs then conveyed it to their king Jalpaad. Jalpaad heard the amazing information and was very happy in his heart. He immediately climbed the hood of the snake and all the other frogs also climbed the snake. In fact, the frogs who could not climb the snake started running with him.



The snake, Mandvish, with the intention of pleasing the frogs, started moving in different styles. On feeling the slippery skin of the snake, the king frog, Jalpaad, was exclaimed happily,



       "Neither elephant, horse, chariot, humans,
       nor boat, could give me so much pleasure
       as the snake."



The next day the clever snake started moving slowly. Watching him move slowly, Jalpaad asked, "Dear Mandvish, why are you are not moving fast as before?". Mandvish replied, "My Lord, I have not eaten today and I don't have the strength to move ahead." On hearing this, Jalpaad said, "Friend, then you may eat some small frogs." Mandvish was happy to hear this and expressing his gratitude he said, "Lord, the brahmin had given the same curse. Your command has made me very grateful and happy."



By eating the frogs daily, in a few days time the snake became very strong. With great joy in his heart, he said,

       "These tasty frogs, are available to me with just
       a little deception. If I keep on eating them,
       still they will last long. Thus, my food is now
       ensured for a long time."


सिंहशृगालपुत्रयो कथा -- The Lion And Jackal Son

      शूरश्च कृतविद्यश्च दर्शनीयोऽसि पुत्रक ।
      यस्मिन् कुले त्वमुत्पन्नो गजस्तत्र न हन्यते ॥

कस्मिंश्चिदुद्देशे सिंहदम्पति प्रतिवसतः स्म । अथ सिंही पुत्रद्वयमजीजनत् सिंहोऽपि नित्यमेव मृगान् व्यापाद्य सिंह्ये ददाति । अथान्यस्मिन्न्हनि तेन किमपि नासादितम् । वने भ्रमतोऽपि तस्य रविरस्तं गत: । अथ तेन स्वगृहमागच्छता श्रृगाल शिशुः प्राप्तः । स च बालकोऽयमित्यवधार्य, यत्नेन दंष्ट्रामध्यगतं कृत्वा सिंह्यौ जीवन्तमेव समर्पितवान् । ततः सिंह्यभिहितं -- "भो कान्त ! त्वयानीतं किंञ्चिदस्माकं भोजनम् ?" । सिंह आह -- "प्रिये ! मयाद्यैनं श्रृगालशिशु परितज्य न किञ्चित्सत्त्वमासादितम् । स च मया बालोऽयमिति मत्वा न व्यापादितो विशेषात्स्वजातीयश्च । उक्तञ्च --

      स्त्रीविप्रलिङ्गिबालेषु प्रहर्त्तव्यं न कहिचित् ।
      प्राणात्ययेऽपि सञ्जाते विश्वस्तेषु विशेषतः ॥

इदानीं त्वमेनं भक्षयित्वा पथ्यं कुरु । प्रभातेऽन्यत्किञ्चिदुपार्जयिष्यामि । सा प्राह -- "भोः कान्त ! त्वया बालकोऽयमिति विचिन्त्य न हतः तत्कथमेनमहं स्वोदरार्थे विनाशयामि ? उक्तञ्च -- "

      अकृत्यं नैव कर्तव्यं प्राणत्यागेऽप्युपस्थिते ।
      न च कृत्यं परित्याज्यमेष धर्मः सनातनः ॥

तस्मान्ममायं तृतीयः पुत्रो भविष्यति ।"। इत्येवमुक्त्वा सा तमपि स्वस्तनक्षीरेण परां पुष्टिमनयत् । एवं ते त्रयोऽपि शिशवः परस्परज्ञातजातिविशेषा एकाहार-विहारा बाल्यसमयं निर्वाहयन्ति स्म ।

अथ कदाचित्तत्र वन भ्रमन्नरण्यगजः समायातः । तं दृष्ट्वा तौ सिंहसुतौ द्वावपि कुपिताननौ तं प्रति प्रचलितौ यावत्, तावत्तेन श्रृगालसुतेनाभिहितम् -- "अहो, गजोऽयं युष्मत्कुलशत्रुः । तन्न गन्तव्यमेतस्याभिमुखम्" । एवमुक्तवा गृहं प्रति प्रधावितः । तावपि ज्येष्ठबान्धवभङ्गान्निरुत्साहतां गतौ ।

अथवा, साध्विदमुच्यते --

      एकेनापि सुधीरेण सोत्साहेन रणं प्रति ।
      सोत्साहं जायते सैन्यं भग्ने भङ्गमवाप्नुयात् ॥

तथा च


      अतएव हि वाञ्छन्ति भूपा योधान् महाबलान् ।
      शूरान् वीरान् कृतोत्साहान् वर्जयन्ति च कातरान् ॥

अथ तौ द्वावपि गृहं प्राप्य पित्रोरग्रतो विहसन्तौ ज्येष्ठभ्रातृचेष्टितमूचतुः । यथायं गजं दृष्ट्वा दुरतोऽपि प्रनष्टः । सोऽपि तदाकर्ण्य कोपाविष्टमनाः प्रस्फुरिताधरपल्लवस्ताम्रलोचनस्त्रिशिखां भृकुटि कृत्वा तौ विभर्त्सयन् परुषतरवचनान्युवाच । ततः सिंह्या एकान्ते नीत्वा प्रबोधितोऽसौ -- "वत्स ! मैवं कदाचिज्जल्प । भवदीयलघुरभ्रातरावतौ" इति । अथासौ सान्त्ववचनेन प्रभूततरकोपाविष्टस्तामप्युवाच । "किमहेमताभ्यां शौर्येण, रुपेण, विद्याभ्यासेन, कौशलेन, वा हीनो, येन मामुपहसतः ? तन्मयावश्यमेतौ व्यापादनीयौ ।"

तदाकर्ण्य सिंही तस्य जीवितमिच्छन्त्यन्तविहस्य प्राह --

      "शूरोऽसि कृतविद्योऽसि दर्शनीयोऽसि पुत्रक ।
      यस्मिन् कुले त्वमुत्पन्नो गजस्तत्र न हन्यते ॥"

तत्सम्यक् श्रृणु -- "वत्स ! त्वं श्रृगालीसुतः । मया कृपया स्वस्तनक्षीरेण पुष्टिं नीतः । तद्यावदेतौ मत्पुत्रौ शिशुत्वात्त्वां श्रृगालं न जानीतः, तावदे द्रुततरं गत्वा स्वजातीयानां मध्ये मिलितो भव । न चेदाभायां हतो मृत्युपथं समेष्यसि ।" । सोऽपि तद्वचनं श्रुत्वा भयव्याकुलमनाः शनैः शनैरपस्वजात्या मिलितः।




--


      You may be valiant, intelligent and highly
      noteworthy; But the race that you are born
      in, does not kill elephants.

In a forest a lion couple were living. After this the lioness gave birth to sons, hence the lion used to haunt animals and give lioness. One day no animal was caught by him. While roaming in the forest it became evening. On way back home a baby-jackal was got by him. He without killing the baby, carefully carried it and gave to the lioness in living condition. The lioness asked, "Dear, have you brought something for me to eat?". The lion replied, "Dear, except for this baby jackal I could not find any animal. Since he is small, and I thought, like our small children, I did not kill it. It is said that --

       A woman, a brahmin, a brahmachari and a child
       should not be killed. If they come in good
       faith, then one should not attack them even if
       one's own live is in danger.



At this time you may eat the baby jackal. Tomorrow, I shall hunt something.". The lioness said, -- "Dear, since you did not kill him because he is small, why should I kill him just to fill my stomach? Besides,



       Even if one's life is in danger, one should
       not do wrong and the righteous duties should
       not be abandoned. This is eternal religion.

From today this jackal will be my third son.". After declaring thus, she fed the baby jackal with her milk and nourished him. The two sons of the lioness without knowing the difference between themselves and the jackal spent their childhood together.



One day an elephant was roaming in the forest. On seeing him the two lion cubs got angry and ran towards the elephant. Watching them the jackal son stopped them and said, "O, this is an elephant and an enemy of your race. Hence, you must not go towards him" and ran homeward. Seeing the elder brother running away, the two cubs got discouraged and walked home.



It has been rightly said that --

       In the battlefield the presence of just one
       confident soldier is enough to retain
       enthusiasm in the rest of the army and one
       cowardly soldier will make the others
       disspirited and all will flee from the place.

And also


       Therefore kings try to keep together bold, patient,
       confident, brave and valiant men and keep the
       cowardly ones away.



On reaching home, in front of their father, the two cubs started making fun of their elder brother. "He ran away on seeing the elephant," they joked. When he heard his two younger brothers make fun of him, the jackal son became extremely angry. With quivering lips, reddened eyes, stretched eyebrows, he spoke foul words to the younger cubs. The lioness took him away and said gently, "Son, you should not say such things. They are your younger brothers."

Hearing the consoling words of the lioness, the jackal son became even more angry. He said, "Am I any less than these two in bravery, looks, knowledge and skill, that they are making of fun of me? Now, I have got to kill them."

On hearing this the lioness, who wished safety for the jackal son, smilingly said,



       You may be valiant, intelligent and highly noteworthy;
       But, the race that you are born in, does not kill elephants.

"Listen carefully, "Son, you are the son of a jackal mother. Out of mercy, I nursed you with my milk and tended you. So long as these two sons do not know in sheer innocence, that you are a jackal, you must run away and mix with the people of your race. Otherwise, they (cubs) will kill you.". When the jackal son heard the words of the lioness he became scared and disturbed and slowly walked away to mix with other jackals.














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