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Grammar Tutorial ::: Vocative Case / सम्बोधन विभक्ति / sambodhana vibhakti

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Vocative Case / सम्बोधन विभक्ति (sambodhana vibhakti): Vocative Case or सम्बोधन विभक्ति (sambodhana vibhakti) of noun-form represents the word used to address or call someone or something.

Study the following sentences. These are in vocative case.

O! Boyहे बाल
he baala
Here boy (बाल / baala), creeper (लता / lataa) and God (देव / deva) are in vocative case or सम्बोधन विभक्ति (sambodhana vibhakti)
O! Creeperहे लते
he late
O! Godहे देव
he deva

All the above sentences address or call someone. So, the person or thing being addressed is in vocative case.

Note: I (अस्मद् / asmad) and You (युस्मद् / yusmad) words do not have any vocative case.

Vocative Case (सम्बोधन विभक्ति / sambodhana vibhakti)
Word
शब्द
Gender
लिङ्ग
Singular
एकवचन
Dual
द्विवचन
Plural
बहुवचन
Similar Words
Boy
बाल / baala
M - पुंबाल
baala
बालौ
baalau
बालाः
baalaaH
-
Creeper
लता / lataa
F - स्त्रीलते
late
लते
late
लताः
lataaH
-
River
नदी / nadii
F - स्त्रीनदी
nadii
नद्यो
nadyau
नद्यः
nadyaH
-
Fruit
फलम् / phalam
N - नपुंफलम्
phalam
फले
phale
फलानि
phalaani
-


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